How to get the ITIN Number?

The ITIN number is a number that identifies each person and company that is taxed in the United States. Thanks to this numbering, entities -natural or legal- can carry out their procedures and identify themselves more simply before the Internal Revenue Service (IRS or Internal Revenue Service).

The ITIN Number is aimed at foreigners who reside in the country temporarily or permanently and to people who do not qualify for a social security number (SSN or Social Security Number). But it is not a necessary requirement to be able to request it.

How to get the ITIN Number?

What is an ITIN Number?

The acronym of ITIN stands for Individual Taxpayer Identification Number, which means Individual Taxpayer Identification Number in Spanish. Anyone who needs an identification number to pay taxes but does not qualify for an SSN can apply for an ITIN.

The ITIN number is not a document that allows its holder to work in the United States, nor does it give him access or make him eligible to obtain benefits related to Social Security. The ITIN is simply a number that the IRS issues so that certain people can exercise actions in the entity.

Who can get the ITIN Number?

  • Foreign nationals who are not eligible for Social Security Numbers but are required to report US federal taxes or who wish to obtain an EIN.
  • Nonresident aliens who do not qualify for a Social Security number but must file tax returns in the country in order to claim their refunds.
  • Foreign residents who declare tax refunds.
  • Dependents or spouses of US citizens or foreign residents who have duties before the federal tax reporting system.
  • The spouses or dependents of nonresident aliens with a visa who must report taxes in the United States.

The ITIN program was not created that long ago. In fact, it began in 1996 with the intention that any of the people mentioned above could file their taxes and comply with the obligations imposed in American legislation.

Why is the ITIN Number important?

Although we can explain it, it is best to exemplify. Let’s say you work and earn money in the US, but you don’t qualify for a Social Security number. By having an ITIN Number you can enter your taxes and the returns that are associated with them. For that reason, if you don’t qualify for the SSN, the best thing to do is apply for an ITIN number.

How to get the ITIN Number?

To begin the process of applying for the ITIN number, the following requirements will be needed:

  • A properly completed IRS Form W-7
  • A federal tax refund
  • Your passport or two of the following documents:
    • National Identification Document (must be current and include name, photo, address, date of birth and expiration date)
    • American driver’s license
    • Foreign driver’s license
    • Birth certificate (normally this is for dependents, unless a passport with a date of entry into the country is delivered)
    • American State Identification
    • Voter registration card abroad
    • Visa issued by the Department of State
    • United States Military Identification Card
    • American citizenship and photo from Immigration Services
    • Medical ID (only for dependents under 6 years old)
    • School record (only for dependents under 18 years of age)

Can the ITIN Number be obtained online?

Unfortunately, the IRS still does not allow you to apply directly for an ITIN Number online. So far, the IRS only allows you to apply for the ITIN by three different means, which we show you below:

Post mail

You can send your W-7 form, tax refund, proof of identity and immigration status to the following address:

Internal Revenue Service

Austin Service Center

ITIN Operation

PO Box 149342

Austin, TX 78714-9342

Acceptance Certifying Agent

You can use an authorized agent. This way, you won’t need to send all your documents by post. It is safer and faster. Some certifying agents allow you to send them the documents virtually. This could be the closest thing to applying online.

IRS Taxpayer Assistance Center

Another option is go directly to one of the IRS designated centers to provide assistance to taxpayers. So you will not have major inconveniences.

Note: No matter the means by which you apply for the ITIN Number, the IRS always issues ITIN numbers through the mail.

ITIN Number renewal

Every year millions of ITIN Numbers expire. This could delay your tax refund and may even disqualify you from accessing certain tax credits. If it is not current at the time of your tax return, such as the Child Tax Credit, the Other Dependents’ Credit, or the American Opportunity Tax Credit.

Who is eligible to renew the ITIN Number?

According to the IRS, all ITINs that have not been used in a federal tax return at least once in the 3 years prior to issuance will become invalid at the end of the year in question.

Also, all numbers that were issued before 2013 with average numbers of 88, such as 9XX-88-XXXX, will expire at the end of the year. Those with average numbers 90,91, 92, 94, 95, 96, 97, 98 or 99 that have been assigned before 2013 and that have not been renewed, will also expire at the end of the year.

Numbers ending in the digits 70 to 87 that have expired between 2016 and 2019 also have a chance to be renewed this year.

In this sense, any of the aforementioned persons are eligible for the renewal of the ITIN Number.

How to renew the ITIN Number?

  • Gather the necessary documents to prove your identity and status as a foreign person in the United States.
  • Families that have multiple ITIN Numbers can renew them all at the same time – if a person’s ITIN expires this year, all people living under the same roof have the right to do so.
  • Apply or renew by entering your tax returns at the IRS, along with a W-7 and W-7 (SP) form, selecting the reason why an ITIN number is needed.

When should you apply for an ITIN Number?

Can file a W-7 form with your federal tax returns during filing season -between January and April- or anytime you need to report to the IRS.

How long does it take to deliver an ITIN Number?

After applying for an ITIN number, along with your tax refund, and qualifying, you should receive a letter from the IRS stating that they will assign you a tax identification number (Tax Identification Number) in the next seven to eleven weeks. However, the speed of delivery of the ITIN Number will largely depend on the number of applications that the institution receives.

NOTE: In some cases, it may take the IRS nine to eleven weeks to deliver the ITIN Number.

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