Here we explain what is a 203k fha loan, also known as construction loan FHA (Federal Housing Administration). Basically, it is a type of government-insured mortgage that allows the borrower to obtain a loan for two purposes: home purchase and home renovation.. This type of loan is used for a home renovation that will become the mortgagor’s primary residence.
Understanding the 203k FHA Loan
The 203k FHA loan encourages low- and moderate-income families to purchase homes that are in dire need of repair, especially homes that are in older communities. The program allows a person to purchase a home and renovate it under a fixed or adjustable rate mortgage. The amount borrowed includes the purchase price of the home and the cost of the renovation, including materials and labor.
The loan may also cover financing for temporary housing, which could be in the form of rent during the period the house is under repair.. The Dual Purpose Loan eliminates the need for the borrower to submit two separate applications for a mortgage and a home renovation loan, which may not be approved by the bank or have a higher combined cost.
Lenders are typically unwilling to offer a mortgage on a property in need of major repairs due to its safety and habitability standards. 203k FHA loans provide lenders with peace of mind, since the cost of home renovation is included in the mortgage package. Renovation fees are placed in an escrow account and disbursed as payment to contractors as work is completed. The complete renovation of the house should not take more than six months.
A 203k FHA loan allows low-income individuals to purchase a home, especially one that needs repair.
Types of 203k FHA Loans
There are two types of 203k FHA rehabilitation loans: Simplified or Limited Loans and Standard Loans. They only apply to individuals and families who intend to make the property their primary residence. This means that real estate investors do not qualify. The work performed must be contracted by an authorized technician and must not be performed by the mortgagor.
Limited 201k Loan: Minimal Repairs
A house that doesn’t require a lot of repairs would generally use the current 203k line. This option does not include structural work on the house, such as adding new rooms or landscaping, and the house must be habitable during the entire renovation period. Repairs under the 203k streamline line are capped at $35,000.
Standard 203k Loan: Extensive Work
The 203k standard includes the extensive repairs and structural work that must be done on the home with no limited repair cost. The minimum amount that can be borrowed is $5,000.
Some of the repairs that a 203k FHA loan covers include plumbing, flooring, painting, heating and air conditioning systems. Also improvements in health and safety standards, landscaping improvements, implementation of access tools for people with disabilities, the addition of energy conservation systems, and replacement of windows and doors.
Renovations that are considered extravagant or lavish (such as swimming pools or improvements that would not be a permanent part of the property) are not covered by a 203k FHA loan.
How do lenders use the 203k FHA loan?
The Federal Housing Administration (FHA) It was created during the period of the Great Depression, when there was a high rate of foreclosures and defaults. The FHA served to encourage banks to make home loans to low- and middle-income people, people with low credit scores, or first-time homebuyers with no credit history. This helped stimulate the economy, as people who would not normally be approved for a loan were given mortgages.
The FHA loan was created to insure these types of mortgages, so that in the event of a borrower defaulting, the FHA would step in to cover the payments, thereby minimizing the risk of default faced by the lender.
High-income workers generally prefer to shop in newer, more developed areas of a city. The FHA introduced the 203k loan specifically to encourage low-income workers who don’t qualify for a standard mortgage to choose to live in blighted neighborhoods and improve them.
Get a loan 203k FHA loan
It is important to note that the FHA is not a lender; is a mortgage insurer. You must obtain the 203k FHA loan by applying to your bank, credit union, or other lender.
Not all lenders offer these loans. To find an approved lender, you can make an inquiry through the HUD (Housing and Urban Development).
It is also not a homeowners insurer or warranty provider. Home buyers still need to purchase insurance and warranties for their homes and properties.
Advantages and Disadvantages of a 203k FHA Loan
As with other FHA loans, an individual can make a down payment as low as 3.5%. Since the loan is FHA-insured, lenders can offer lower interest rates for a 203k loan, compared to what borrowers can quote elsewhere.
Interest rates will vary for each applicant based on credit history. Even if the FHA allows people with credit scores as low as 580 to apply for a 203kSome lenders may require a score higher than 620 to 640 to issue one. This is still lower than the 720 score required for a standard mortgage.
However, the 203k FHA loan is not without costs. The borrower must pay a mortgage insurance premium in advance each month. The lending institution may also charge an additional fee for the origination.
Other factors to consider before applying for this program are the financial costs for the borrower, the rigorous paperwork required, and the long time it takes to receive a response from the FHA and the lender. In general, a person with a low credit score looking to own a home that needs to be repaired and modernized may find that the 203k FHA has great benefits that outweigh its costs.