What is title insurance or property title insurance?

The title insurance or title insurance It is a form of indemnity insurance that protects the owner from financial losses suffered due to failures in the title of a property. The most common type is lender title insurancein which the borrower buys the coverage only to protect the lender.

Title insurance or owner’s title insurance is usually paid for by the seller to protect the buyer’s assets.

Key information:

  • The title insurance It is a form of indemnity insurance that protects the owner from financial losses suffered due to defects in the title of a property.
  • The most common claims filed against a title are back taxes that have not been paid, encumbrances (from mortgage loans, home equity lines of credit, easements) and conflicting wills.
  • A one-time fee paid by the title insurance covers the costly administrative costs of title data searches which could be very old.

How does title insurance work?

A title is required for any real estate transaction. However, a search or investigation must be conducted to check for claims or liens of any kind before they can be awarded.

A title search or investigation is an examination of public records to determine and confirm legal ownership of a property and to find out if there are any claims to it.

Erroneous surveys and building code violations are two fairly common examples of “blemishes” or flaws that can cause a title to have issues.

Title insurance or title insurance protects both real estate owners and lenders against loss or damage caused by liens or failures in the title or real property of a house. Unlike traditional insurance, which protects against future events, title insurance protects against claims from past events.

A basic owner’s title insurance policy typically covers the following risks:

  • Property of another entity
  • Incorrect signatures on documents, as well as forgery and fraud on title documents
  • Defective record (defective records or record keeping)
  • Restrictive covenants (terms that reduce value or enjoyment), such as unregistered easements
  • Liens or judgments against the property, such as pending judgments or liens.

Instead of title insurance, some private transactions may include a guarantee of titlewhich guarantees that the seller has the right to transfer the property and no one else has rights to the property.

Types of title insurance

There are two types of title insurance or title insurance: lenders insurance and homeowners insurance (including extended policies). Almost all lenders require the borrower to purchase a title insurance policy from the lender to protect the borrower in the event that the seller is unable to legally transfer title to the property.

A lender’s policy only protects you against loss. An issued policy signifies the completion of a title search or investigation, offering some guarantee to the buyer.

Given the title searches or investigations are not foolproof (some short searches in residential transactions go back to a single deed) and the owner is still at risk of loss, additional protection in the form of a owner’s title insurance policy. Often is bought by the seller to protect the buyer against defects in the title, it is optional.

The most common type of title insurance is a basic lender’s policy.which is purchased by banks and other financial institutions to cover unrecorded liens, easements, unrecorded access rights, defects or other documents.

Often a lender’s policy and a homeowner’s policy are required together to ensure everyone is adequately protected..

At closing, the parties purchase title insurance for a one-time fee. To prevent abuse, the Law on Real Estate Liquidation Procedures (RESPONSE) prohibits sellers from requiring purchase from a specific insurance company.

The risks of not having title insurance or title insurance

The fact of not having title insurance exposes the parties to the transaction to great risk in case there is a defect in the title.

Consider a buyer looking for their dream home and, after closing, finds unpaid property taxes from the previous owner. without a title insurance or title insurance, the financial burden of this back tax claim rests solely with the buyer. You will pay any outstanding property taxes or risk losing the house to the taxing entity.

In the same scenario, with title insurance, the coverage protects the buyer as long as they own or have an interest in the property.

Similarly, lender title insurance covers banks and other mortgage lenders of unrecorded encumbrances, unrecorded access rights and other inconveniences. In the event of default by the borrower, if there is a problem with the title of the property, the lender would be covered up to the amount of the mortgage.

Real estate investors should ensure a property does not have a bad title before proceeding with any purchase.. Homes in foreclosure, for example, may have a number of outstanding issues. Buyers may consider purchasing a title insurance or title insurance to protect against unforeseen claims.

Keep reading: